Hi, How Can We Help You?
  • Address: 1251 Lake Forest Drive New York
  • Email Address: assignmenthelpcentral@gmail.com


August 17, 2023

Racialization of the Mexican Population

Racialization of the Mexican Population. It can be argued that the process of ‘racialization’ of the Mexican population began shortly after the United States incorporation of the Mexican territories through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Discuss the process of ‘racialization’ of the Mexican population in California, Arizona and Texas.


The United States’ incorporation of Mexican territories through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848 marked a significant turning point in history. While the treaty brought an end to the Mexican-American War and established new borders, it also initiated a complex process of ‘racialization’ that has had far-reaching consequences. This paper will delve into the historical context and explore how the process of racialization unfolded in California, Arizona, and Texas.

The Historical Context

To understand the process of racialization, it is crucial to examine the historical context. Following the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, the United States gained control over vast territories, which included present-day California, Arizona, and Texas. However, the existing Mexican population in these regions faced discrimination and marginalization.

California – A Land of Contradictions

In California, the Gold Rush of 1849 drew thousands of people seeking fortune. This influx of migrants, primarily Anglo-Americans, exacerbated existing tensions. As a response to the economic competition, the Mexican population was increasingly marginalized and labeled as ‘other.’ Stereotypes and derogatory terms such as “greasers” and “half-breeds” were used to dehumanize and demean them. The discriminatory practices extended to land ownership, where Mexican land grants were often invalidated or challenged. Legal systems were biased, and racial prejudice persisted, leading to the dispossession and displacement of many Mexican families from their ancestral lands. The state’s political and economic power gradually shifted into the hands of the Anglo-American majority, further entrenching systemic inequality.

Racialization of the Mexican Population

Arizona – A Battleground for Identity

Arizona’s history of racialization is intertwined with its struggle for identity and statehood. The Mexican population in Arizona faced similar challenges to those in California, including land dispossession and discriminatory legislation. The racialization process was intensified by the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920), as migrants fleeing violence and upheaval were met with hostility and suspicion. The passage of anti-Mexican legislation, such as the Alien Land Act of 1913 and the prohibition of teaching Spanish in schools, contributed to the suppression of Mexican culture and heritage. Moreover, the forced repatriation during the Great Depression, when thousands of Mexican-Americans were coerced into leaving the United States, demonstrates the systemic racial discrimination prevalent in the region.

Texas – A Struggle for Equality

Texas, which had a significant Mexican population even before the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, experienced a distinct process of racialization. The establishment of the Jim Crow laws after the American Civil War further entrenched racial divisions. Segregation, disenfranchisement, and unequal access to public services were prevalent, disproportionately affecting Mexican-Americans. In Texas, the racialization process was reinforced by the implementation of the “one-drop rule,” which defined individuals with any degree of Mexican ancestry as non-white. This classification further restricted opportunities for social mobility and reinforced discriminatory practices, including separate schooling and limited job prospects.


The process of racialization of the Mexican population in California, Arizona, and Texas began shortly after the United States’ incorporation of Mexican territories through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The historical context and subsequent discriminatory practices created a legacy of inequality that continues to affect these communities today. It is essential to recognize and challenge the systems that perpetuate racial disparities. By understanding the history of racialization, we can work towards fostering a more inclusive society that celebrates diversity and upholds the principles of equality and justice for all. Use APA referencing style.

Leave a Reply